…eless. Simply put, the countries you are talking about have never been colonized by western powers. For ten thousand years, Japan, Turkey, Thailand, China, Afghanistan, Iran, Bhutan, Korea, Tonga and Mongolia have remained sovereign (autonomous, independent, self-governing) nations.
Ah, I see. I’m actually also referring to countries that were colonised. I think most states today receive pressure to democratise regardless if they were colonised or not. My inspiration actually came from states that were colonised: specifically Hong Kong, Singapore, Malaysia, Myanmar.
The pressure to liberalise a state is a practice of soft power, as much as it is one of hard power.
Whether or not states have been colonised doesn’t negate the fact that each society has a different set of cultural and intellectual materials that construes ‘rights’ differently from one another. And I think that’s what’s important here.
Thanks for bringing this up.