Intrinsically valuable things are things we want for their own sake. Some popular examples: happiness, pleasure, art. Mill’s litmus test is this: if someone asks you why you value money, you’d say because it allows me to get something I want. That makes money non-intrinsically valuable. But if someone asks you why you want to be happy, chances are you’d be dumbfounded, “I just want to be happy.” So, happiness is intrinsically valuable.

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I was once asked about the origins of the universe. So, here I am doing philosophy. Ethics | Intellectual History | Chinese Comparative Philosophy